Research Hobbies: Technological Inspiration and Inspirational Technology

by James Edward David Cline

Research projects can be both fun in the present time and an investment in the future.This website (still under construction) includes the posting of some of the author's ongoing hobby-level research projects and results, a variety of research project suggestions, and general info about the author James E. D. Cline . Clickable images:

Information about James Edward David Cline,

whose nature is to be an insightful, enthusiastic innovator type, a visionary on technological matters, and is learning to apply holistic well-being processes.

For students and hobbyists, a variety of research project suggestions,

big and small, especially related to: (this section still under construction)

James E. D. Cline's ongoing hobby-level research projects and results:


This website focuses on the possibility that a new and untested form of earthsurface-to-orbital-altitude transportation system (which perhaps could be called the Kinetic-Energy Supported Transportation Structure, or "KESTS") could provide a passenger/cargo capacity many orders of magnitude greater than presently available, and utilizing environmentally-clean electrical energy as its power source. (Perhaps this seems very implausable to the reader, resembling futuristic science fiction, but I invite you to continue reading.)


Exploring this possibility further, such a transportation system could link earthsurface points along the equator to the orbital altitude where satellites move in relative stationary synchrony with the equatorial surface (known as the Clarke Belt, or GEO). The transportation system's massive cargo capacity would enable the construction of the beginnings of large-scale space habitats there in the Clarke Belt. Once basically perfected in tested design, a lunar infrastructure could provide the raw materials processing, fabrication of structure components, and delivery/assembly of similar habitats, all nearly completely robotically done. The entire Clarke Belt could be infilled with such space habitats, adding habitats at a peak rate of say, 100 habitats per day, each for 10,000 people. Thus the peak capacity required of the KESTS transportation system would be 1,000,000 people per day, with their household goods and living essentials to support them, such as carbon, nitrogen, and hydrogen.


Given that these space habitats are designed and built to provide earthsurface-normal interior conditions, including rotation to provide 1-gee simulated gravity accelleration at the perimeter of the mile-diameter wheel-shaped habitats, and truely created to provide a significantly superior standard of living than is typical on the earthsurface, civilization could find itself essentially self-relocating to this extention of the earthsurface.


Building this concept further, this would remove much of the human load from the earthsurface ecosystem, providing the opportunity to restore the earth's ecosystem to a long-term healthy balance again. Perhaps people would then choose to make the thusly rejuvenated surface ecosystem something like a "Earth National Park" for recreation vacation use. A human presence on the surface might reduce to a stable 1 million to 500 million people entrusted as caretakers to that biodiverse treasurehouse, along with aboriginal cultures remaining.


The human civilization, in the Clarke Belt, 22,300 miles above earth's equator, would be a starting point for expansion elsewhere in the solar system, such as the asteroid belt (with its raw materials for 1,000 earthsurfaces's equivalent of habitation area) and the moons of Mars and the outer planets. The already-strong lunar materials infrastructure would provide resources for immense habitat-ships for this expansion phase.


Meanwhile, on the earthsurface, nearly all the electrical power would be derived from solar space resources and delivered to the surface such as by the KESTS system's electromagnetically-coupled mass stream accellerated by solar power thrusters hanging on it in space, or by the use of microwave beams to offshore rectennas.


Key to this scenario is the creation of that earthsurface-to-orbital-altitude electrically-powered immense transportation system, which could be called a Kinetic-Energy-Supported Transportation Structure, or KESTS. Let us begin with exploring its concept.

A starting point is to picture a globe, the planet of Earth, floating serenely in its orbit around our Sun. Look closer at the earth's equator, and then draw a circle around the earth's globe above the equator, a circle about 5 times the radius of the earth's sphere's radius ... this circle is the site of the new civilization named "GOHRC" here, the geosynchronous orbit 22,300 miles above the equator. Then add a KESTS by picturing an ellipse (an ellipse is like a circle that is grabbed and stretched in one direction), with the earth snuggled into contact with one end of the ellipse, and the other end of the ellipse at the GOHRC circle. This ellipse is the site of a KESTS (kinetic energy supported transportation structure).

Along this ellipse we will build the mental picture of the transportation system.

It is a highly elliptical orbit, with its high perigee point at GEO altitude of 22,300 miles, and low points a pair of earthsurface equatorial sites, one focus at the center of the earth. This is the actual orbit of an enormous mass stream circulating at above-orbital-velocities within the KESTS structure. However, this mass stream's elliptical orbit is compressed toward the earth by the distributed weight of vehicular railways and of evacuated tubing where within the atmosphere. Actually, it is consisting of contra-rotating pairs of laterally-connected mass streams, because only upward-moving mass streams can support external mass weight against the gravitational pull of the earth.

These mass streams, nicknamed here "EMCOM's", are streams of mass travelling at above orbital velocity, and are electromagnetically re-accellerated by electromagnetic accellerators located on the earthsurface and at SPS thruster sites hanging on the mass stream's downward portions. The mass streams lose velocity through supporting the weight of the rail system, and must have their energy continually replenished to continue the support.

The weight of the rail structure and of the "train-like" passenger and cargo vehicles acts to somewhat compress the elliptical orbital mass stream.

The vehicular rail traffic is also powered from the electromagnetically-coupled mass streams, trains, carrying people, supplies, structural materials back and forth between GEO-sited Gohrc and earthsurface.

Please now go to a greater depth in the Earth Plus: Extention of the Earthsurface conceptual design.


(This page most recently updated on 19960829. JEDC)


Should you have any questions regarding the Earth Plus concept, or the other topics on this website, please send email to

Created by James Edward David Cline on 1996 October 3.