EARTH PLUS concept: Kinetic Energy Supported Transportation Structures (KESTS)

The expansion of civilization while also restoring the earthsurface ecoystem, could be achieved by building a multi-billion-person self-sustaining civilization, as an extention of the earthsurface ecosystem. Its location would be the entire geosynchronous orbit, 22,300 miles circling above the Earth's equator. It would be directly connected to the earthsurface by rail transportation structures supported by kinetic energy circulating within those structures. The concept's purpose is to enable a great expansion of human civilization while removing much of the load on the earthsurface ecosystem, thus enabling earth's restoration.

Perhaps the most significant key to this scenario is the transportation system, which needs to move billions of people into their new homes in the "Gohrc" synchronous orbit above the earth's equator, along with tons of belongings for each person, water, and agriculture, and initial machine tools, even building materials for the first habitats built there.

Note: To directly go to deeper levels of the KESTS technology see Space transportation applications of kinetic-energy-supported transportation structures, and KESTS: an application of general systems theory.

It is unlikely that chemical propulsion could do this task. Perhaps for a few lucky chosen ones; but not for vast portions of the whole earth's population. The intent of this concept is to provide the opportunity for every person on earth, not just a few special ones.

An electric power source appears to be the least polluting and potentially efficient means for such a transportation task. Electricity is the inherent power source for the KESTS, kinetic-energy supported transportation structures.

At this point most people consider the KESTS as impossible, thinking of massive contemporary diesel-electric locomotives chugging up toward the moon on airy tracks, or maybe recollections of the fairy tale, "Jack and the Beanstalk" jerk at their subconsious mind. I recall the joke about the electric rocket, which had a hundred-thousand mile extention cord. So now is the time to bask in a moment of your incredulity, so as to get to know its actual content, later to find out how different the KESTS concept is from those mirthful tales....

Thus rested, let's now build a new concept of the transportation links between the earth surface and the GOHR Geosynchronous Orbiting Habitat Ring, site of vast new civilization potentially to be.

A starting point of an overall mental picture of the earth plus concept (e+), is to picture a globe, the planet of Earth, floating serenely in its orbit around our Sun. Look closer at the earth's equator, and then draw a circle around the earth's globe above the equator, a circle about 5 times the radius of the earth's sphere's radius ... this circle is the site of the new civilization named "GOHRC" here, the geosynchronous orbit 22,300 miles above the equator. Then add a KESTS by picturing an ellipse (an ellipse is like a circle that is grabbed and stretched in one direction), with the earth snuggled into contact with one end of the ellipse, and the other end of the ellipse at the GOHRC circle. This ellipse is the site of a KESTS (kinetic energy supported transportation structure).

Along this ellipse we will build the mental picture of the transportation system.

It is a highly elliptical orbit, with its high perigee point at GEO altitude of 22,300 miles, and low points a pair of earthsurface equatorial sites, one focus at the center of the earth. This is the actual orbit of an enormous mass stream circulating within the KESTS structure. However, this mass stream's elliptical orbit is compressed toward the earth by the distributed weight of vehicular railways and of evacuated tubing where within the atmosphere. Actually, it is consisting of contra-rotating pairs of laterally-connected mass streams, because only upward-moving mass streams can support external mass weight against the gravitational pull of the earth.

These mass streams, nicknamed here "EMCOM's", are streams of mass travelling at above orbital velocity, and are electromagnetically re-accellerated by electromagnetic accellerators located on the earthsurface and at SPS thruster sites hanging on the mass stream's downward portions. The mass streams lose velocity through supporting the weight of the rail system, and must have their energy continually replenished to continue the support.

The weight of the rail structure and of the "train-like" passenger and cargo vehicles acts to compress the elliptical orbital mass stream, somewhat.

The vehicular rail traffic is also powered from the electromagnetically-coupled mass streams, trains, carrying people, supplies, structural materials back and forth between GEO-sited Gohrc and earthsurface.

To create short names (acronyms) for the key parts of the concepts here: the new extention of human civilization is the Geosynchronous Orbiting Habitat Ring Civilization = "GOHRC". GOHRC is composed of individual Geosynchronous Orbiting Habitats = "GOH"; each GOH provides residential-agricultural-industrial needs for 10,000 to 1,000,000 people, and millions of GOHs are strung around the earth in the geosynchronous orbit above the equator. This orbital location is necessary because relatively unmoving entrances and exits are needed by the transportation system linking the GOHRC with earthsurface, called Kinetic Energy Supported Transportation Structures = "KESTS". These KESTS are structures which are supported by the internal circulating kinetic energy of their ElectroMechanically Coupled Orbital Mass Streams "EMCOMS". Boosting individual human functionality enough to achieve this task is called Increasing Balanced Individual Human Functionality = "IBIHF". And the earth's restoration is named the Restored Earthsurface Ecosystem = "REE".

The majority of humanity would hopefully choose to move into this new, grander, home high above the equator, the GOHRC, with plenty of room to expand on from there later, built initially from earth materials and later mostly from lunar and asteroidal raw materials by robotic manufacturing of the basic habitat structures. The interior environment of a GOH would feel much like it feels on the earth's surface, with gravity, sunshine, trees, animals and all, plenty of room inside. Thus freed of the burden of supporting mankind's civilization, an ecological balance of great biodiversity of species would be restored down on the earthsurface, greatly assisted by humanity in wisdom... like a vast "international park" to be nurtured and visited on summer camping trips, winter ski trips, and whale watching excursions; yet also a pampered wholesome treasurehouse of great genetic biodiversity for future milleniums.

To pursue the technology of KESTS ever deeper, go to Space transportation applications of kinetic-energy-supported transportation structures and its further links.

Please use the above embedded hyperlinks to explore this concept to as great a depth as you feel like. Thank you for your interest in this unusual concept. And please contribute any comments you feel might be useful to the concept e-mail to me at

About the author and maintainer of this pagesite: James E. D. Cline. Recentmost page construction upgrade was on 19960630. Copyright © 1996 James E. D. Cline, right to copy freely given to all, provided that credit is given to the author.